METHODS

How we do it

TMS

 

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non- invasive brain stimulation technique widely used in cognitive neuroscience. It allows to interfere transitorily with the activity of a cortical area to study its role in a behavioural task or to modulate its functioning for clinical purpose.

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TMS-EEG

 

The combination of TMS and EEG allows to directly record cortical excitability and effective connectivity of brain regions. TMS evoked Potentials (TEPs) can reflect differences in state dependency of the stimulated region as well as communication with other cortical areas. Source analysis renders with high spatial resolution where and when sensors signal is generated.

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tDCS

 

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a painless, non-invasive brain stimulation technique which uses constant low electrical currents to transiently change cortical excitability. It can influence perceptual, cognitive and behavioral functions and it is a valuable tool for the treatment of neuropsychiatric and neurological disorders.

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NEUROPSYCHOLOGY & VLSM

 

Neuropsychological evaluations of cognitive functions of brain tumour patients allows an analysis of how brain regions contribute to different processes such as language, memory and emotion processing. Moreover voxel lesion symptom mapping can detect fine-grained anatomical differences underpinning cognitive deficits. Direct electrical stimulation performed during surgery may provide a support to findings drawn from non-invasive techniques.

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